U.S. Census Bureau – Poverty Survey

The U.S. Census Bureau reports poverty data from several major household surveys and programs. Last month, the Census Bureau released the Poverty: 2008 and 2009 American Community Survey (September 2010).

Survey Highlights:

  • In the 2009 ACS, 14.3 percent of the U.S. population had income below their respective poverty thresholds. The number of people in poverty increased to 42.9 million.
  • Thirty-one states saw increases in both the number and percentage of people in poverty between the 2008 and the 2009 ACS.
  • No state had a statistically significant decline in either the number in poverty or the poverty rate.
  • In the 2009 ACS, 18.9 percent of people in the United States had income less than 125 percent of their poverty threshold, compared to 17.6 percent in the 2008 ACS.

The report includes the following graphics/charts:

Figure 1. Percentage of People in Poverty in the Past 12 Months by State and Puerto Rico: 2009

Figure 2. Percentage of People by Income-to-Poverty Ratio in the Past 12 Months by State: 2009

Chart 1.  Number and Percentage of People in Poverty in the Past 12 Months by State and Puerto Rico: 2008 and 2009

To read the report, visit http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/acsbr09-1.pdf.

To learn more about the U.S. Census Bureau’s poverty research and data, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/poverty.html.

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